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Published: Sunday 29 September, 2013

designer discount handbags designer discount handbags Global warming played role in Somalia 2011 famine

NAIROBI, KENYA climate change contributed to low rain levels in East Africa in 2011, making global warming one of the causes of Somalia famine that year and the tens of thousands of deaths that followed, a new study has found.

It is the first time that climate change was proved to be partially to blame for such a large humanitarian disaster, an aid group said Friday.

Three climate scientists with Britain national weather service studied weather patterns in Somalia in 2010 and 2011 and found that yearly precipitation known as the short rains failed in late 2010 as a result of the natural effects of the L designer discount handbags a Nina weather pattern.

But the lack of the long rains in early 2011 was an effect of systematic warming of Earth due to influence on greenhouse gas concentrations on the long rains, said Peter Scott of Britain National Weather Service, known as the Met Office.

MORE:Somalia: Where famine is a crime

The British government estimates that b designer discount handbags etween 50,000 and 100,000 people died in the famine. But the new research doesn mean global warming alone caused those deaths.

Ethiopia and Kenya were also affected by the lack of rains in 2011, but aid agencies were able to work more easily in those countries than in warravaged Somalia, where the alQaidalinked Islamic extremist group Al Shabab refused to allow food aid into the wide areas under its control.

Still, the new research proves for the first time that climate change was one of the triggers for the drought, which was one of the causes of the famine, said Senait Gebregziabher, the Somalia country director for the aid group Oxfam.

change is not a threat that may hurt us in the future, because it is already causing a rise for humanitarian needs, Gebregziabher said.

the coming decades, unless urgent action is taken to slash greenhouse gas emissions, temperatures in East Africa will continue to rise and rainfall patterns will change. This will create major problems for food production and availability. He noted that the study found that both natural causes La Nina and the short rains and manmade causes contributed to Somalia drought.

The study found that between 24 per cent and 99 per cent of the cause of the failure of the 2011 rains can be attributed to the presence of manmade greenhouse gases, Scott said. designer discount handbags

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