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Published: Monday 15 July, 2013

winter coat sales winter coat sales Does anyone know the progress made by BP Dupont regarding butanol as an alternative fuel



During a conference about climate change held in Asturias, Spain, a board member of BP, Luis Javier Navarro completely unrelated to me affirmed that butanol is a key factor in future fuels and that BP is investing in them. He said biofuels that compete with the food industry are an error and biofuels should otherwise be obtained from waste.



About CO2 capture, Mr. Navarro also spoke about how BP is reinjecting CO2 into empty natural gas fields thus managing to have at least one plant which produces no CO2. He also commented about BPs upcoming plans in generating electricity in Scotland from natural gas, with the resulting CO2 being reijected into empty oil fields under the North Sea.



Last and not least, he saw no immediate substitution for oilderived fuels for at least 40 years. Instead he offered the alternative that the oil industry should try to be as carbon efficient as possible. Of course, he asked for a stable legal frame to guarantee further developments.



BP and DuPont have created a partnership to winter coat sales develop, produce and market nextge winter coat sales neration biofuels to help meet increasing global demand for renewable transport fuels.



The two companies have been working together since 2003 and are now ready to bring their first product to market: biobutanol, which will be introduced in the UK in 2007 as a gasoline biocomponent.



The companies are leveraging DuPonts biotechnology and biomanufacturing capabilities with BPs fuels technology expertise and market knowhow. By pooling their knowledge and expertise, the two companies aim to be the world leaders in the development and production of advanced biofuels, driving the growth of biofuels, which today account for less than two percent of global transportation fuels. Current projections show that biofuels could represent up to 2030% of the transport fuel mix in key markets.



Biobutanol. Butanol C4H10O is a fourcarbon alcohol in widespread use as an industrial solvent, with a US market size of some 370 million gallons per year at a price of about $3.75 per gallon approximately $1.4 billion.



Originally produced by fermentation starting nearly 90 years ago using Clostridia acetobutylicum, butanol shifted to becoming a petrochemicallyderived product in the 1950s as the price of petrochemicals dropped below that of starch and sugar substrates such as corn and molasses. Virtually all of the butanol is use today is produced petrochemically.



Butanols energy content is closer to gasoline than ethanols. It is noncorrosive, can be distributed through existing pipelines, and can bebut does not have to beblended with fossil fuels. Butanol itself could be reformed for hydrogen for use in fuel cells, and the production process itself produces hydrogen. Earlier post.



Biobutanols low vapor pressure and its tolerance to water contamination in gasoline blends facilitate its use in existing gasoline supply and distribution channels. It has the potential to be blended into gasoline at larger concentrations than existing biofuels without the need to retrofit vehicles and it offers better fuel economy than g winter coat sales asolineethanol blends, improving a cars fuel efficiency and mileage.



DuPont and BP are currently in the process of carrying out detailed calculations of biobutanols greenhouse gases WelltoWheel Life Cycle Analysis emission performance. Initial indications are that, on the same feedstock basis, biobutanol can deliver emission reductions that are at least as good as ethanol on the same basis.



Biobutanol also enhances the performance of ethanol blends in gasoline by, amongst other things, reducing ethanols impact on vapor pressure, one of the issues which hampers a wider use of ethanol in existing gasoline distribution channels.



For the biobutanol launch, BP and DuPont are working with British Sugar, a subsidiary of Associated British Foods plc, to convert the countrys first ethanol fermentation facility to produce biobutanol. Additional global capacity will be introduced as market conditions dictate and a feasibility study in conjunction with British Sugar is already underway to examine the possibility of constructing larger facilities in the UK.



Transportation is an important area to address for the reduction of greenhouse gases since it accounts for around 20 per cent of global emissions and in the short to medium term increased blending of biocomponents represents one of the few real options for progress in this area on a global scale.



We dont need some special formula for an lalternative fuel. Just lots of it and one that is easy on the environment. Like natural gas.



Butanol may be used as a fuel in an internal combustion engine. Because its longer hydrocarbon chain causes it to be fairly nonpolar, it is more similar to gasoline than it is to ethanol. Butanol has been demonstrated to work in some vehicles designed for use with gasoline without any modification.1 It can be produced from biomass as biobutanol as well as fossil fuels as petrobutanol; both biobutanol and petrobutanol have the same chemical properties.. winter coat sales

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