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Published: Monday 15 July, 2013

longchamp expandable tote longchamp expandable tote Gas Flaring Its Consequences

Over long periods, decomposing organic matter mixing with sand, mud and silt on the sea floor became buried and created deposits of natural gasan odorless, colorless gas composed mainly of methane. People use natural gas for diverse purposes, including industrial applications, transportation, heating, electricity production and cooking. The Union of Concerned Scientists, a nonprofit environmental group, estimates that natural gas constitutes nearly onequarter of the United States energy production.

ProcessingNatural gas depos longchamp expandable tote its typically occur in oil reservoirs, where the gas either mixes with the oil or floats on top. Gas prospectors locate natural gas reserves by setting off explosions above ground and mapping the structure of the underlying rock formations by measuring the seismic waves as they travel underground. After geophysicists identify possible gas deposits using these maps, oil companies drill wells to longchamp expandable tote extract the gas. Natural gas processing plants remove hydrogen sulfide from the gas through a process called sweetening. They eliminate the hydrogen sulfide gas waste through flaring, venting, incinerating or transporting it to a sulfur plant.

FlaringEarly oil drillers did not consider natural gas a useful product and burned it off at the well or vented it into the atmosphere using a process called gas flaring, according to the Union of Concerned Scientists Reference 1. Flaring still continues in locations lacking local markets for buying the gas or the infrastructure for transporting it to other areas. The World Bank identifies flaring as a safe, efficient method for disposing of excess natural gas during the oil production process.

EffectsNatural gas is a cleanburning fossil fuel that emits fewer greenhouse gases than coal or oil. According to the World Bank, flaring wastes this valuable energy resource and emits carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. The World Bank estimates that oil companies flare 5.3 trillion cubic feet of natural gas each year, resulting in 400 million tons of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere. These additional carbon dioxide emissions increase the effect of climate change, according to the World Bank.

Global Gas Flaring Reduction PartnershipIn 2002, the World Bank Group instituted the Global Gas Flaring Reduction partnership, or GGFR, a publicprivate initiative, to support national efforts to redivert flared gas. The partnership, composed of representatives from the governments of oilproducing countries and major oil companies, promotes the development of national regulatory frameworks, transportation infrastructure and access to local and international energy markets, especially in developing countries. The GGFR endorses a global standard committed to prohibiting flaring in new projects longchamp expandable tote and gradually reducing the use of flaring in current natural gas production.

ConsiderationsCertain types of bacteria, called methanogens, produce methane, the main component of natural gas, as they break down organic matter, according to the Union of Concerned Scientists. These microorganisms occur in wastewater, food waste and livestock manure. Municipal waste buried in landfills emits methane and carbon dioxide as the organic material decomposes. This mixture of gases, called biogas, is a form of natural gas. The Clean Air Act requires biogas producers to capture and flare these gases. Department of Energy advises that people can use biogas as a renewable energy source to produce electricity or convert it to renewable natural gas for use as a vehicle fuel. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web sitemany of the advertisements are served by third party advertising companies. longchamp expandable tote