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Published: Saturday 17 August, 2013

handbags and purses handbags and purses and Mass Balance Calculations Explained



In order to better manage refrigerant gas emissions which can greatly affect the atmosphere and causes global warming, EPA and other government officials need to understand the extent of GHG emissions which harm the ozone layer each year. Countries around the world, including the United States, are aiming at identifying the amount of har handbags and purses mful substances which are emitted to the atmosphere when a refrigerant gas leak occurs



Fugitive emission takes place when an unexpected leak of a hazardous substance occurs in a system and the discharge is not contained in a vent, stack, or duct. This could be the result of an equipment leak, a problem during maintenance operations, a breakdown in bulk handling or processing, or a problem in an industrial process. The leakage causes harmful gases to enter the environment. There are specific refrigerant gases which end up released in the stratosphere as these cant be broken down in the atmosphere, which eventually destroy the ozone layer.



In the United States alone, fugitive emission totals for a year are over 300,000 tons CO2e. Other countries have similar or worse outputs. To curtail handbags and purses the adverse effects to the ozone layer of the accident handbags and purses al leak of the substances, stringent regulations have already been implemented in order to reduce and eliminate such over time. To improve the quality of the air in the long run, there are additional goals which can help reduce global warming through the reduction of the refrigerant gas emissions.



A select few refrigerant gases have multiple detrimental effects on the environment. Not only are they ozone depleting substances but they are also chemicals with a high global warming potential GWP which places them into the category of greenhouse gases which lead to global climate change. There are more than enough reasons to find ways to effectively track, monitor, and report usage of refrigerant gases.



The EPA has finalized its rules pertaining to any fugitive emission occurrence, whether through evaporation or a leak. The regulations apply to several industries, including existing and newly constructed facilities with systems using refrigerant gas in their workplace heating and cooling systems. Other industries are industrial chemical manufacturing, electric services, pulp and paper mills, and petroleum refinancing.



Fugitive emission tracking of known harmful substances is required by facilities that use or produce them. The EPA has identified a number of dangerous compounds, among them chloroflurocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, methyl bromide, halons, methyl chloroform, and carbon tetrachloride.



A particular concern for fugitive emission problems is with refrigerant gas, because it contains chloroflurocarbons and hydrofluorocarbons, two primary contributors to the weakening of the ozone layer and the increase in greenhouse gas volumes. Moreover, industries which use systems for fire protection, ventilation and air cooling, refrigeration and cooling units use refrigerant gas.



When a fugitive emission occurs, businesses are required to track the refrigerant leak rates and report annul refrigerant usage it to the EPA. Fugitive emissions in particular are defined in carbon emissions reporting protocols as one of four emissions scopes that will be regulated. It is important that the severity of the leak and the repair process is documented. In addition, regulations require regular inspections of equipment or processes that involve volatile chemicals.



To prepare for this requirement, many companies are using automated, rather than manual, processes, in particular refrigerant gas tracking software programs and webbased applications created by companies who specialize in the area. handbags and purses

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