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Published: Saturday 14 September, 2013

cheapest michael kors bags cheapest michael kors bags ´╗┐Afforestation will hardly dent warmi cheapest michael kors bags ng

Schemes to convert croplands or marginal lands to forests will make almost no inroads against global warming this century, a new scientific study says.

Afforestation is being encouraged under the UNs Kyoto Protocol climatechange treaty under the theory that forests are sinks that soak up carbon dioxide CO2 from the air through photosynthesis.

But environmental researchers, in a new probe, on Sunday said that even massive conversion of land to forestry would have only a slender benefit against the greenhousegas problem.

This is partly because forests take decades to mature and CO2 is a longlasting molecule, able to lurk for centuries in the atmosphere.

But another reason is that forests, even as they absorb greenhouse gas, are darker than croplands and thus absorb more solar heat and in high latitudes, this may even result in net warming.

Vivek Arora of the University of Victoria in British Columbia and Alvaro Montenegro of St Francis Xavier University in Nova Scotia modelled five scenarios in which afforestation was carried out over 50 years, from 2011 to 2060.
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They used a Canadian program called CanESM1 that simulated the impacts on land, sea and air if Earths surface temperature rose by some 3.0 degrees Celsius by 2100 compared to 1850.

Even if all the cropland in the world were afforested, this would reduce the warming by only 0.45C by a timescale of 20812100, according to the study, which appears in the journal Nature Geoscience.

Fiftyper cent afforestation would brake it by an even tinier 0.25C.

Both scenarios are, of course, wildly unrealistic because of the need to grow food.

Fiftyper cheapest michael kors bags cent afforestation would require at least a doubling in crop yield to feed the human population because half of the crop area would be taken out of use.

The other three scenarios found that afforestation in the tropics was three times more efficient at avoided warming than in northerly latitudes and temperate regions.

The study said that afforestation does have other benefits, for the economy and the ecoystem.

Theres nothing wrong with afforestation, it is positive, but our findings say that its not a response to temperature control if we are going to be emitting greenhouse gases this way, Montenegro said.

The study said bluntly, Afforestation is not a substitute for reduced greenhousegas emissions.

In forest programs, policymakers would be advised to focus afforestation efforts in the tropics but also push hard against deforestation, which accounts for 10 to 20 per cent of greenhousegas emissions globally. cheapest michael kors bags