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Published: Thursday 19 September, 2013

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BRUSSELS AP European Union leaders are expected t outdoor wear for women o approve plans this week to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by the year 2020, a first step in a strategy to fight global warming and reduce Europes dependence on oil and gas imports

But going beyond lip service and deciding how Europe should cut back on the fossil fuels that power its economy is proving more troublesome.

The 27 EU nations have not managed to agree on the specifics of how to reach its goal of a lowcarbon economy and lead the postindustrial revolution it heralded earlier this year.

Switching from fossil fuels to renewable sources will also add costs and could hurt Europes competitiveness. Several nations, particularly in Eastern Europe, are reluctant to make the heavy investments needed to turn over to build more wind farms rather than burning cheap coal.

This spearheads the EUs overall strategy to green Europe that will see governments eventually discuss limits on car emissions and set pollution allowances for airlines.

The EU leaders meeting Thursday and Friday will also be discussing a planned declaration marking a half century of unity expected to be as fractious as the past 50 years itself. And their foreign ministers will tackle the latest developments in the war in Iraq, Irans standoff with the West over its nuclear program and how to stabilize Lebanon and Somalia.

An EU deal this week will help Germany push for an agreement on climate change from other regions when it leads talks between the Group of Eight industrialized nations in June.

The United States has refused to sign the Kyoto Protocol, which requires industrial nations to cut their globalwarming gases by an average 5% below 1990 levels by 2012. The major economies of the EU have committed to an 8% cut. But the Bush administration contends that would slow its economy, and the accord should have required cuts by poorer but fastgrowing nations, such as China and India. vice president and environmental activist Al Gore said Wednesday after a biofuels conference in Brussels.

The EU nations are set to back a goal to cut carbon dioxide releases and keep the average global temperature increase under 2 degrees Celsius, saying they will agree on a 30% cut below 1990 levels if other major polluters particularly the United States join them. According to a draft agreement, they will aim to go even further in the future with cuts of 60% to 80% by 2050.

Governments have so far not been able to agree to set a mandatory target to generate 20% of all energy from renewable sources such as wind and solar power by 2020 or another goal for the same date to replace 10% of transport fuel with biofuels.

Diplomats speaking on condition of anonymity on Tuesday because talks were ongoing said there was an almost even split among EU nations on binding targets. They said German government officials were confident they could forge a compromise by the end of the twoday summit, but they expected very tricky negotiations among the leaders.

While some nations Spain, Germany and Denmark have made strides in building wind farms to generate electricity, a mandatory target would force many others to invest heavily in new forms of power. This is a problem for poorer eastern European nations such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia that rely on cheap coal and Sovietera nuclear plants outdoor wear for women .

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France is pushing for a higher noncarbon target that would include its favored form of generating electricity nuclear energy which is vehemently opposed by nonnuclear nations Austria, Denmark and Ireland.

In the coming months, governments will discuss other EU plans to limit CO2 emissions from new cars and force all airlines including nonEU carriers to trade carbon permits.

On energy, EU nations are supportive of a wideranging voluntary goal to cut energy use by using more efficient heating, lighting and appliances.

Europes major business lobby BusinessEurope has said it is worried about a unilateral target, saying that could seriously damage competitiveness if others do not follow and could set the bar too high for a global deal. The group called the biofuels target unrealistic. outdoor wear for women