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Published: Friday 30 August, 2013

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If you said the Kyoto Protocol youd be wrong. Because its a trick question.



Although the Kyoto Protocol is indeed the treaty developed to address the issue of arresting global warming and the climate perturbations that will be spawned by such a growing planetary fever, this treaty has yet to a longchamp le pliage tote bag sale ctually accomplish much in terms of putting a brake on warming. Indeed, it hasnt even gotten the United States to sign on yet, and discussions among active parties to the treaty have been languishing.



The only treaty to have had a big impact on climate is the 20 year old Montreal Protocol, a treaty to which the United States is a signatory. This fabulously longchamp le pliage tote bag sale successful treaty has fostered a dramatic reduction in the production and use of chemicals that pose a threat to stratospheric ozone. It targets a range of chemicals, mainly chlorofluorocarbons. The best known of these chemicals is Freon, which chills major appliances, from refrigerators to air conditioners.



Most ozonedamaging agents have another nasty property. They serve as very potent greenhouse gases, chemicals that like carbon dioxide, contribute to helping tr longchamp le pliage tote bag sale ap solar energy at or near Earths surface. This means that chlorofluorocarbons are boffo global warmers. A side benefit of the Montreal Protocol, then, has been its effects on



moderating the planets growing fever.



Provisions of the Kyoto Protocol ask that signatory nations collectively reduce their releases of CO2 by some 5 billion tons, notes Durwood Zaelke. Hes director of the secretariat of the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement.



Actions taken under the Montreal Protocol, by contrast which is adhered to by 191 nations have cut emissions of ozonedestroying chemicals by amounts that have the greenhousewarming equivalence of 135 billion tons of CO2, he observes. These measures have had that impact because some of the regulated ozonedamaging chemicals are literally thousands of times more effective at global warming than CO2 is. Zaelke cites published data from climate analysts indicating that the Montreal Protocols ozoneprotection measures have delayed the repercussions of global warming by 12 years.



For all that the ozoneprotection treaty has done for Earths climate, clearly it has not been nearly enough because our oceans and atmosphere continue to warm. But representatives of island nations, which are at special risk of being submerged by rising sea levels associated with global warming, have been big proponents of strengthening the Montreal Protocol. Zaelke, who has been working with them, reports they made huge headways last fall and offered a proposal last Thursday to do even more. Most of these new measures would affect appliances that serve as reservoirs of CFCs. longchamp le pliage tote bag sale

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