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Published: Saturday 27 July, 2013

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Fords Escape E85, the worlds first flexfuel hybrid.

Nancy Gioia, director, Sustainable Mobility Technologies and Hybrid Programs, Anne Stevens, executive vice president, Ford Motor Company, and chief operating officer and Sue Cischke, Ford vice president, Environmental Safety and Engineering, left to right, with the new Ford Escape Hybrid E85. For more information on the gasoline Escape Hybrid, click here. 25, 2006 Its a marriage made in gassaving heaven. Ford Motor Company is a leader in ethanolpowered vehicles as well as a leader in hybrid technology so its only natural that Ford would eventually marry the two technologies.

At the Washington Auto Show, Ford unveiled the Ford Escape Hybrid E85, a research vehicle combining two petroleumsaving technologies hybrid electric power and flexiblefuel capability. Escape Hybrid E85 is a hybrid vehicle capable of operating on blends of fuel containing as much as 85 percent ethanol, a renewable fuel that can be produced from Americangrown corn or sugar beets. And ethanol use releases no fossilbased CO 2, so its use as a fuel in place of gasoline reduces the release of greenhouse gases.

As a leader in both hybrid vehicles and in vehicles capable of operating on ethanolbased fuels, Ford is the ideal company to bring both technologies together for the first time, says Anne Stevens, executive vice president, Ford Motor Company, and chief operating officer, The Americas.

This innovative research program could lead to breakthroughs to significantly reduce our nations dependence on imported oil while also helping to address global climate change, Stevens says. Both the Escape Hybrid E85 and the ethanol fuel it runs on are made in America. This is another example of how Ford is driving American innovation.

Ford is the enviable position of being able to develop alternate fuel technologies because of its extensive history of research innovations.

Ford has the right blend of expertise necessary to lead this research, says Gioia, director, Sustainable Mobility Technologies Hybrid Programs. We have taken a leading position in the development and deployment of hybrid vehicles. We also have put more than 1.5 million flexfuel vehicles on Americas roads in the last decade, and our experience with ethanolfueled vehicles goes all the way back to the days of Henry Ford.

For example, the worlds first hybrid SUV, the Ford Escape Hybrid, was introduced in 2004. Along with the new Mercury Mariner Hybrid, it is the most fuelefficient small SUV available. No other American automaker today offers even one full hybrid vehicle.

Ford Motor Company balenciaga city bag sale will introduce several new hybrids in the coming years, including a Mazda Tribute Hybrid next year and hybrid versions of the Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan midsize sedans in 2008. Next up, in the 2008 to 2010 time period, will be hybrid versions of the Ford Five Hundred and Mercury Montego balenciaga city bag sale fullsize sedans, and the Ford Edge and Lincoln MKX crossovers.

E85 is a fuel blend that contains 85 percent ethanol and only 15 percent gasoline. most commonly is made from corn. frequently contains up to 10 percent ethanol, but an increasing number of vehicles on the road today can operate on blends containing up to 85 percent ethanol. energy security, improve the nations balance of payments and support America s agricultural economy.

Additionally, ethanolfueled hybrids could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Ford Escape Hybrid, already the worlds most fuelefficient small SUV, would produce about 25 percent less carbon dioxide if operated exclusively on renewable E85 ethanol fuel instead of carbonrich gasoline.

Ford recently announced a project with VeraSun Energy Corporation to encourage the further availability of E85 fuel at retail filling stations. Today, E85 is most commonly available in parts of the Midwest.

The Ford Escape Hybrid E85 research project will aim for breakthroughs that could further expand the appeal of ethanolcapable vehicles.

Ford researchers are applying some of the best expertise in the industry in hybrid power controls, flexible fuel operation and exhaust aftertreatment, Gioia said. Were working on the whole system, from the fuel tank through to the tailpipe, to optimize fuel efficiency and lower emissions.

Although Ford engineers have achieved very low tailpipe emissions with flexiblefuel vehicles FFVs, evaporative emissions remain a challenge. Some blends of ethanol are much more volatile than gasoline, so a more aggressive evaporative system is necessary. A full hybrid application presents additional evaporative challenges, because the vehicle often operates on electric power alone w balenciaga city bag sale ithout actuating the evaporative vacuum system that operates when the gasoline engine is in use.

Ford engineers are pursuing a number of strategies to address this challenge with the goal of achieving partial zeroemissions vehicle PZEV status. No FFV has yet been certified to this extremely clean standard, because of the evaporative requirement in the PZEV standard.

We are seeking innovations to eliminate the release of fuel vapors from the vehicle, says Gioia. Were working to further improve the efficiency of our systems that trap and consume fuel vapors while also working on ideas to prevent the generation of vapor in the first place.

Ford researchers also hope to apply a number of proprietary engine technologies being developed for future application that could further increase the fuel economy performance of a hybrid FFV.

Further expanding the popularity of both hybrids and the use of ethanolbased fuels would significantly reduce American oil imports and greenhouse gas emissions until the day when hydrogen becomes widely used as a fuel for internal combustion engines or as a source of electric power produced by hydrogen fuel cells. balenciaga city bag sale